Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been proposed as a treatment for neurodegeneration, including diseases of the cerebellum, where BDNF levels or those of its main receptor, TrkB, are often diminished relative to controls, thereby serving as replacement therapy. Experimental evidence indicates that BDNF signaling countered cerebellar degeneration, sensorimotor deficits, or both, in transgenic ATXN1 mice mutated for ataxin-1, Cacna1a knock-in mice mutated for ataxin-6, mice injected with lentivectors encoding RNA sequences against human FXN into the cerebellar cortex, Kcnj6Wv (Weaver) mutant mice with granule cell degeneration, and rats with olivocerebellar transaction, similar to a BDNF-overexpressing transgenic line interbred with Cacng2stg mutant mice. In this regard, this study discusses whether BDNF is effective in cerebellar pathologies where BDNF levels are normal and whether it is effective in cases with combined cerebellar and basal ganglia damage.

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