Leishmania donovani is a unicellular protozoon parasite that causes visceral leishmaniasis (VL), which is a fatal disease if left untreated. Certain Fe-S proteins of the TCA cycle and respiratory chain have been found in the Leishmania parasite but the precise mechanisms for their biogenesis and the maturation of Fe-S clusters remains unknown. Fe-S clusters are ubiquitous cofactors of proteins that perform critical cellular functions. The clusters are biosynthesized by the mitochondrial Iron-Sulphur Cluster (ISC) machinery with core protein components that include the catalytic cysteine desulphurase IscS, the scaffold proteins IscU and IscA, and frataxin as an iron carrier/donor.

Read More: Interaction of frataxin, an iron binding protein, with IscU of Fe-S clusters biogenesis pathway and its upregulation in AmpB resistant Leishmania donovani.