This study followed one hundred six patients with molecular confirmation of FDRA and followed in three Brazilian outpatient centers to look at patients with late onset FA (LOFA, onset after age 25) specifically . General demographics, GAA expansion size, age at onset, cardiac, endocrine, and skeletal manifestations were evaluated and compared between LOFA and classic FDRA (cFDRA) groups. LOFA accounted for 17 % (18/106) and other FDRA for 83 % (88/106) of the patients. There were 13 and 48 women in each group, respectively. LOFA patients were significantly older and had smaller GAA expansions. Clinically, LOFA group had a tendency toward lower frequency of diabetes/impaired glucose tolerance (5.8 vs. 17 %, p = 0.29) and cardiomyopathy (16.6 vs. 28.4 %, p = 0.38). Skeletal abnormalities were significantly less frequent in LOFA (scoliosis 22 vs. 61 %, p = 0.003, and pes cavus 22 vs.75 %,p < 0.001) as were spasticity and sustained reflexes, found in 22 % of LOFA patients but in none of the cFDRA patients (p = 0.001). LOFA accounts for 17 % of Brazilian FDRA patients evaluated herein. Clinically, orthopedic features and spasticity with retained reflexes are helpful tips to differentiate LOFA from cFDRA patients.
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